Melnik (Broad Melnish Vine)
The leaves of this variety are the reason it has that name – they are very large, broad and with a rough, mossy surface, light green in color with light snouts.
The cluster is medium to large, cylindrical-conical, with one wing, moderately compact. The handle is long, medium thick. The grains are medium sized with a spherical shape, dyed in dark red.
The variety does not claim the substrate but requires a total temperature above 4000 ° C to ripen. It is not cold-resistant and is quite late ripening. The grape harvest begins in the first half of October, but sometimes later. In order to grow properly, the variety requires a high temperature sum in the spring, hot summer, long, warm, dry autumn and relatively mild and warm winter.
Not particularly resistant to gray rot and other economically important diseases. If the climate is appropriate and the grapes ripen well, it achieves good sugar between 20 and 24 ° and a sufficient titratable acidity of 6-8 g / cub. dm. In principle, it is very difficult to achieve good maturation. That is why most of the winemakers who know him think that it is better to develop his early cross Melnik 55.
Wine from a broad Melnik vine has a specific character and flavors and is distinguished from wines of other varieties. There is a combination of strawberries, white cherries, stone, which according to the habitat, the degree of ripening and the ways of vinification and aging can be supplemented or dominated by tobacco, dried mint and pepper. The color of the typical wine from a broad Melnik vine is a transparent ruby to a dark purple.
The broad Melnik vine is an old local variety grown in the region of Melnik, where the name comes from. It is an endemic – a botanical species, spread only on the territory of Southwestern Bulgaria and more precisely around Sandanski, Melnik, Petrich and the villages of Harsovo, Marikostinovo, Kapatovo, Vinogradi etc. It is probably also spread across Northern Greece and Macedonia, but this is not known for sure. Attempts to be transported and cultivated throughout the rest of Bulgaria are not yet successful.