Ugni Blanc – complete sustainable
This vine variety originated in southern France.
In the field cognac gradually replacing the white variety Fol. Grown many in Tuscany, Italy, where it is called Trebbiano (Trebbiano), so many are of the opinion that his country is there. It grows well in Bulgaria, Moldavia, Canada. He became known in 1302 when he described the Italian botanist Pierre Krechentsi. It is also called Myuskadel (Muscadelle), it is often added in small quantities in the assemblage of white wines. In certain amount added to the grapes of red varieties was included in the famous wine “Chianti”. This variety, from which in the area Armagnac has about 11 250 hectares (75% of the area of the vine), well adapted to local soils, withstands cold adapted to powdery mildew and botrytis, and is relatively resistant to drought and many rodovit – one hectare receive up to 100-150 hl of wine. Trebbiano is one of the main varieties, which produces “Armagnac”.
- Agrobiological characteristic – refers to a group of late-ripening varieties (grapes ripen in late ІH- early X). The bunch is medium to large, winged.
- The grain is small, almost spherical, covered with medium thick, tough, yellow-green with a waxy coating films. shedding and millerandage in this sort do not occur. There affinity prevalent in the country pads, but the best for him is 41 B.
- Technological characteristic – in consumptive maturity grapes accumulate about 18-21% sugar and content of titratable acids- 7 to 9.5 g / l. The grapes have good sugar content, which reaches 24-25%
- and high acidity. Wines from it are fine taste and bouquet quickly develop, but not subject to development in aging. Our country is mostly used for distillation wine materials.
- Sustainability – grape vines are poorly resistant to low temperatures and drought, but possess good resistance to powdery mildew and botrytis.
- Yield: they are distinguished by good growth and good fertility (average yield per hectare is from 1000 to 1500 kg). In the area of Pomorie and Burgas are produced from wine materials for the production of brandy ( “Aheloi”).
- Leaf – large, oval longitudinally strongly chopped, 5-division, mossy. Lamina is wrapping up indefinitely, with wholesale blister surface. The outline of the mean paw forms an acute angle. Above nicks deep to medium, closed, with egg-shaped. The Lower nicks are shallow, open, with parallel sides and with a sharp bottom. Tail nick is open, pound appearance with acute bottom or closed, with the elliptical hole. The teeth are large, triangular, with broad-based, sometimes lighter colored. Stem top and bottom is light yellowish. The handle of medium length, light green, naked. Autumnal coloration of the sheet is yellow.
- Color – androgynous. Grapes – large, conical, branched at the base, winged, semi-compact. The handle of medium length, medium thick, woody throughout, tough.
Grain – almost small, spherical, greenish (with overripe turned pink) with small, rare spots. The skin is transparent, thick, tough. The meat is juicy, harmonious taste. Stalk is medium long, thin, slightly tapered brush and short bed.
Ugni Blanc is very late wine. Grapes ripen in the first half of October. Preferably light sandy-loamy soil in which exerts its valuable properties. There is strong growth, very high fertility and high yield. Its affinity prevalent in our pads is good. Sensitive to cold is relatively resistant to drought. Grapes does not crack and almost incorruptible. Due to its high acidity of the grapes are produced high-quality Wine wine materials that ripen quickly. In the countryside Charentes and Armagnac (France), he has shifted other varieties like white Fall, for the production of Cognac and Armagnac.